Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 Oct 1869 -30 Jan 1948)commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world.
Mohandas Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi spent twenty years in South Africa working to fight discrimination. It was there that he created his concept of satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting against injustices. While in India, Gandhi’s obvious virtue, simplistic lifestyle, and minimal dress endeared him to the people. He spent his remaining years working diligently to both remove British rule from India as well as to better the lives of India’s poorest classes. Many civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., used Gandhi’s concept of non-violent protest as a model for their own struggles.
October 2 is when India observes Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday celebrated to mark the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.
Know all things about Mahatma Gandhi on his Biography
Thirty years ago today, Sony introduced the Compact Disk. Happy birthday, CDs!
Lord and Lady Curzon, viceroy and vicereine of India, enter Delhi with sepoy escort, circa 1902
View of the ruined façade of one of the Hindu temples. Dieng Plateau, Central Java - 1807 Drawing. Watercolours on paper.
© Trustees of the British Museum
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